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Aikido- way of spiritual harmony
Atemi- striking
bo- staff or stick
bokken- wooden sword
budo- martial way
bujutsu- fighting arts
bushi- warrior
bushido- way of the warrior
chudan- mid-body level
dachi- stance
dan- step / senior grade
do- way
dojo- training hall / literally "place for studying the way"
hiji-elbow
gedan- lower-body level
geri- kick
gi- uniform
hajime- begin
hakama- wide pleated flowing pants
Hombu- main dojo or headquarters
ju jitsu- science of softness (also spelled jiu jitsu and ju jutsu)
ju jitsuka- student of ju jitsu
jo-4' staff
jodan- upper-body / head level
judo- way of gentleness

-ka- suffix meaning "student of." Ex: a karate student is a karateka
kan- style or school of a martial art
kai- club or association
Kappo- art of resuscitation
karate-do- way of the empty hand
kata- shoulder or a prearranged series of moves, depending on context
katana- sword
katsu- first aid
kendo- way of the sword
ki- inner energy
kiai- focused inner energy-loud shout
kihon waza- basic techniques
kiotsuke- come to attention / listen
hiza-knee
kuzushi- points of unbalance
kyu- student grade below black belt
ma-ai- distance
mokuso- relaxation / meditation
nage- throw
obi- belt
oni-bo – devil stick
rei- bow
ryu- style or school of a martial art
samurai- Japanese feudal warrior class
seiza- kneeling position
sempai-senior student
sensei- teacher
shihan- senior teacher / master
tanto- knife
tatami- mat
tori- person performing the technique
uke- person the technique is performed upon
ukemi-to fall
waza-technique
yame-stop
yoi-get ready
yoshi-continue
yubi - finger

Nage-Waza Throwing Techniques

Ashi-barai-Leg sweep

Ashi-guruma- Foot wheel
De-ashi-harai-Forward foot sweep
Hane-goshi-Spring hip throw

Hane-makikomi-Spring winding throw

Hara-nage-Belly throw

Harai-goshi-Sweeping hip throw

Harai-makikomi-Sweeping winding throw

Harai-tsurikomi-ashi-Lift-pull foot sweep
Hiza-guruma-Knee wheel
Ippon-seoi-nage-Single shoulder throw

Irimi-nage-Evasion off balance throw

Kani-basami-Scissor throw

Kata-guruma-Shoulder wheel throw

Kawazu-gake-One leg hook throw

Kibisu-gaeshi-Heel trip

Kiri-kaeshi-nage-Under scooping throw

Koshi-guruma-Hip wheel throw

Kosoto-gake-Minor outer hook throw

Kosoto-gari-Minor outer reap throw
Kote-gaeshi-Wrist throw

Ko-tsuri-goshi-Minor lifting hip throw
Kouchi-gari-Minor inner reaping throw

Kubi-nage-Neck throw

Kuchiki-taoshi-One hand drop
Morote-gari-Two handed reaping throw
Morote-seoi-nage-Two handed shoulder throw
O-goshi-Major hip throw

Okuri-ashi-harai-Sliding foot sweep
Osoto-gari-Major outer reaping throw

Osoto-guruma-Major outer wheel throw

Osoto-makikomi-Major outer winding throw
Osoto-otoshi-Major outer body drop

Osoto-osae-Large outside pressure throw
O-tsuri-goshi-Major lifting hip throw
Ouchi-gari-Major inner reaping throw
Sasae-tsurikomi-ashi-Supporting foot lift-pull throw

Seoi-otoshi-Shoulder drop throw
Shiho-nage-Four corner throw

Sode-tsurikomi-goshi-Sleeve lift-pull hip throw

Soto-makikomi-Outside sacrifice throw
Sukui-nage-Backward throw-thigh lift

Sumi-gaeshi-Corner throw
Sumi-otoshi-Corner drop

Tai-otoshi-Body drop-tripping action

Tani-otoshi-Valley drop throw

Tawara-gaeshi-Rice bale throw
Te-guruma-Hand wheel throw
Tenchi-nage-Heaven and earth throw

Tomoe-nage-Circle throw

Tsuri-goshi-To raise the hip throw
Tsurikomi-goshi-Lift-pull hip throw

Uchi-mata-Inside thigh throw

Uchi-mata-makikomi-Inner thigh winding throw

Ude-juji-nage-Cross arm throw

Uki-otoshi-Floating drop
Uki-goshi-Floating hip throw

Ura-nage-Rear throw
Ushiro-goshi-Back hip throw
Utsuri-goshi- Shifting hip throw

Yama Arashi-Mountain storm throw

Yoko-gake-Side hook throw
Yoko-guruma-Side wheel throw

Yoko-otoshi-Side drop throw
Yoko-wakare-Side separation throw







Gatame-Waza Control/Restraint Techniques

Ashi-dori-gatame – Wrap around ankle control

Ashi-gatame – Leg control

Hara-gatame – Forearm control using the stomach

Hiza-osae-gatame – Knee pressure control

Juji-gatame – Joint lock opponent’s arm in the form of a cross

Kami-shiho-gatame – Top four-corner control
Kesa-gatame – Scarf hold

Kata-hiza-gatame – Knee on the back of the shoulder control
Kata-gatame - Shoulder control

Kata-maki-gatame – Shoulder wrapping around control

Kote-Gaeshi-gatame – Immobilizing wrist control

Kote-gatame – Wrist control

Kuzure-kami-shiho-gatame – Reverse top four-corner control

Kuzure-kesa-gatame – Reverse scarf control

Kuzure-kote-gaeshi-gatame – Reverse wrist control

Okuri-ashi-soda-gatame – Bulldog/two leg reverse spine lock

Okuri-hiza-osae-gatame – Two-leg knee control

Shiho-nage-gatame – Four-quarter control

Tate-shiho-gatame – Straight four corner control

Uchi-hiza-osae-gatame – Inside knee control

Ude-gatame – Forearm control

Ude-henken-gatame – Hammer lock behind the back
Ude-hishigi-ude-gatame – Arm across arm lock
Ude-hishigi-juji-gatame – Cross arm lock

Ude-hishigi-hiza-gatame - Control of the arm across the knee
Ude-hishigi-waki-gatame – Armpit arm lock
Ude-hishigi-te-gatame – Hand across arm lock
Ude-hishigi-sankaku-gatame – Triangular arm lock

Waki-gatame – Lock in position of hyperextension, using the armpit
Yoko-shiho-gatame – Four quarter control
Yubi-gatame-waza – Finger control technique



Osae-waza Pressure/Immobilization Techniques

Kata-osae – Shoulder press

Ude-osae – Forearm pressure technique

Kote-hineri – Twisting the wrist towards the forearm

Kote-gaeshi – Inward twisting of the wrist

Kote-mawashi – Wrap around wrist technique



Shime-Waza Strangulation/Choking Techniques


Kata-ha-jime-Half wing choke
Sode-guruma-jime-Sleeve wheel choke
Sankaku-jime-Triangular choke
Katate-jime-One handed choke
Hadaka-jime-Arm Bar Choke-Naked Choke

Iri-jime-Lapel Choke

Okuri-eri-jime-Double Lapel Choke



Uke-Waza Blocking Techniques
Chudan-soto-uke – Middle level outside in block

Chudan-uchi-ude-uke – Middle level inside out block

Gedan-barai – Downward sweeping block

Gedan-juji-uke – Lower level X block

Gedan-soto-uke – Lower level outside in block

Jodan-juji-uke – Upper level X block

Jodan-soto-uke – Upper level outside in block

Jodan-uchi-ude-uke – Upper level inside out block

Morote-jodan-uke – Two hand upper level block



Atemi-Waza Punching/Kicking – Striking Techniques
Atama-waza – Head butt technique

Empi-uchi – Elbow strike

Fumikomi – Stomping kick

Gyaku-tsuki – Reverse punch

Haito-uchi - Ridge hand

Hari-te – Palm strike

Hiza-geri – Knee kick

Kagi-geri – Hook kick

Kengeri – Low kick

Mae-geri – Front kick

Mawashi-geri – Roundhouse kick

Mikazuki-geri – Crescent kick

Nakayubi-ippon-ken – Clenched fist single knuckle

Oi-tsuki – Lunge punch

Seiken-mawashi-tsuki
– Regular fist roundhouse punch

Shuto-uchi - Knife hand

Uraken – Backfist

Ushiro-geri – Back kick

Yoko-geri – Side kick



Ukemi-Waza Falling techniques
Mae-tobi-ukemi – Front jumping fall

Mae-ukemi – Front fall

Ushiro-ukemi – Back fall

Yoko-ukemi – Side fall



Dachi-Waza Stance Techniques

Fudo-dachi – Rooted stance

Kamae-dachi – Moving guard or posture stance

Kiba-dachi – Horse stance

Kokutsu-dachi – Back stance

Neko-ashi-dachi – Cat foot stance



Taisabaki-Waza Body Movement/Displacement Techniques

Mae-taisabaki – Frontal displacement movements

Tsuri-ashi-mae-taisabaki – Displacing by gliding the feet forward

Ushiro-taisabaki – Stepping backward displacement movement